Posts for tag: periodontal disease
There are several signs that you might have periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is also known as gum disease and occurs when the gums become infected, which can lead to the loss of gum tissue and teeth. Receding gums or gums that bleed easily are both signs of possible periodontal disease. If you have developed any of the symptoms associated with gum disease, such as receding gums, it is important to see a dentist for treatment. At Valerin Dental, Dr. Manny Valerin is your Peoria, IL, dentist for the treatment of periodontal disease.
Causes and Signs of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease can develop when the gums become infected, which is sometimes due to inconsistent or poor oral hygiene habits. A good oral hygiene routine should include brushing with a fluoride-containing toothpaste twice daily, as well as flossing once every day. It is also important to schedule professional dental cleanings regularly. Professional cleanings clear away plaque and tartar buildup that cannot be fully removed with regular brushing and flossing at home. Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gingivitis, which can lead to periodontal disease.
Several symptoms can be signs of periodontal disease. See your Peoria, IL, dentist for treatment if you develop any of the symptoms associated with periodontal disease. Some signs you might have periodontal disease include.
- Sensitive gums that easily bleed
- Swollen, tender, or red gums
- Receding gum line
- Missing or loose teeth
- Severe toothaches
- Chronic bad breath
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Several methods exist for treating periodontal disease. Some treatment methods stop the infection responsible for periodontal disease from progressing. Other treatments help reverse the effects of gum disease by restoring gum health or replacing lost teeth. Treatments for periodontal disease include:
- Periodontal plastic surgery — Method for reshaping gum tissue to achieve a more pleasing appearance.
- Scaling and root planing — Procedure for deep-cleaning the teeth below the gum line.
- Crown Lengthening — Method for exposing more tooth surface when there is excess gum tissue.
- Dental Implants — Method for replacing missing teeth and their roots.
- Gum grafting — Procedure for replacing lost gum tissue by grafting healthy gum tissue from another area.
You might have periodontal disease if you have receding gums or your gums are swollen, red, or tender. A dentist can recommend several treatment options for stopping periodontal disease and restoring the health of your gums. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Valerin, your Peoria, IL, dentist, call Valerin Dental at (309) 693-2310.
There’s only one way to effectively halt the progressive damage of periodontal (gum) disease — completely remove the bacterial plaque and hardened deposits (calculus) from above and below the gum line that are causing the infection. Although we can accomplish this in most cases with hand instruments called scalers, ultra-sonic equipment or both, some cases may require periodontal surgery to access and clean deeper “pockets” of infection.
As this damaging disease progresses, the supporting bone dissolves and the gum tissues will begin to detach from a tooth, leaving an open space known as a “periodontal pocket.” Besides plaque and calculus pus may also form as a result of the infection. All of this material must be removed from the pocket before healing and, hopefully, tissue reattachment can begin.
Shallow pockets near the gum line are usually accessed and cleaned with hand instruments. But deeper pockets (5 millimeters or greater in depth) may require a surgical procedure to completely clean the area also allowing for regenerative procedures to be done to regain attachment. This will reduce the depth of the periodontal pockets that will make them more accessible for future cleanings and maintenance. Flap surgery is a common type of such a procedure: a small opening (similar to the flap of a letter envelope) is surgically created in the gum tissue to expose the area of infection around the tooth root and bone.
There are also other types of periodontal surgery for repairing and stimulating regeneration of damaged gum tissues. Using grafts or other enhancements, these plastic surgical techniques are especially useful where gum tissues have receded above the natural gum line, leaving more of the underlying tooth below the enamel exposed to disease. These procedures have become more effective in recent years with the development of specialized technologies called “barrier membranes” and biologic growth factors. These materials have allowed bone grafts to be more successful as this technology is engineered for targeted tissue growth and repair, and then dissolve at an appropriate point in the regeneration process.
Periodontal surgery isn’t appropriate for every situation. Still, these procedures do play an important role for many patients to put a halt to the damage caused by gum disease.
If you would like more information on surgical procedures for gum disease, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Periodontal Surgery: Where Art Meets Science.”